No matter whatever type of plant you have, it’s a vegetable plant, flower plant a shrub or even tree anything it can be and it can suffer from the very common roots rot disease. Roots rot is actually caused by the fungal diseases. Basically this is caused due to the soil that does not drain well and remain water logged. This water logging results in development of fungi that infect the roots and eventually this infection increases up to the crown of plant making it die of the disease. There are not much of fungicides available commercially to treat root fungi that are actually living under the soil in moisture so it is best advised to take preventive measures and adopt healthy cultivation practices in order to remain saved from this disease.
Signs of Alert:
When your plant will be suffering from roots rot you can observe it by the changing condition of the foliage as it will turn the leaves to lighter green and pale color and make them wilt. Trees and shrubs due to being stronger will take time in surrendering to the disease. If the roots of your plants are healthy you will observe white feeder rootlets, while if the roots are rotted they will appear as brown and squashy. The plants that have soft stems you can observe the signs of root rot on the surface of stem just above the ground. I you have woody plants than you can peel the bark at the place where bark and roots meat and can see if there are any signs of brown or brick red streaks under it.
Always buy the plants from any trustworthy source and you need to be sure that the plant is not suffering from root rot at the time when you buy it. Dig a hole for potting your plant and fill it full with water the water should grain within 24 to 48 hours of it doesn’t drain then it means that you should better go for planting a plant that can survive in wet soil. Before planting check out the roots straighten them and break the tangled roots off the root ball. The depth of hole should be double the size of your root ball. You can plant your plant on raised beds if the soil doesn’t drain well and surround the raised bed with rocks and other materials.
Drill 16 to 18 inches deep holes with power drill machines beyond the roots and fill those holes with pea gravel or sand or with mixture of both if you experience the water logging in soil. These materials will help in better drainage and will increase the development rate of feeder roots.
Roots rot occurs when the roots remain water logged under the soil take care of this and water your plants in summers and springs only when the soil few inches under the top soil has dried and needing water. Over watering will cause the fungi to develop and causing your roots to rot. Evergreen plants are needed to be watered regularly in late falls if dry condition of soil appears.
Fungicides are used to get rid of fungal diseases off leaves, stems, trunk and braches of plants. Treating underground fungi that rot your roots is the most difficult thing to be done. For treatment of root s rot you will need to determine what type of fungi have affected your plant and than you may take advice from the professions working in the horticulture industry to know the ways of treating the disease.